It’s either you were happy with your tax filing this 2019, or, it was filled with problems, frustration, and created a lot of anxiety for you. It’s over now. Take a breather. What you can do now is take the steps to get ready for Year 2020. Remember, you will be filing for the calendar year 2019 and the deadline to file will be on a Wednesday, April 15, 2020. I suggest the following steps:
1. Check your withholding. Submit a new W-4 to your employer. – You can submit a new W-4 any time of the year. If you paid or had a tax due, most likely it’s because the employer deducted less than your tax. You can check your withholding using the IRS Withholding Calculator. You can do it here.
Withholding taxes are what you call “pay as you go” taxes. There’s a withholding rule that either, 90% of current years taxes must have been withheld or 100% of the previous years’ taxes must have been paid, in this case, 2018, otherwise, you might be subject to the Underpayment of Estimated Tax Penalty.
Once you get the correct withholding allowances to claim, you transfer it to Line 5 of your new W-4. Line 6 of W-4 will allow you to add an additional amount to be withheld each paycheck. If you put the correct number of withholding allowances as directed, you are supposed to ‘break-even’, that is, you are not getting a refund of taxes at the end of the year and neither are you getting a Federal tax due at the end of the year. If you claim the correct number of allowances and you add an additional amount in Line 6, you will most likely get that amount as a refund.
My method, without using the IRS Withholding Calculator, is to claim the number of personal exemptions that can be claimed. For example, if you are a couple with one child, you can claim 3 personal exemptions. If you are single, you can claim, 1. If you are claiming Head of Household with 1 dependent, you can claim 2.
Claiming more than the determined personal exemptions, will reduce the taxes withheld but net you a Federal tax due. Claiming less than the determined personal exemptions will increase the taxes withheld but will net you Federal tax refund. This method is for the combined income of the taxpayer and spouse. A couple with one child should claim a total of three exemptions. If both have income, the spouse with the higher income should claim ‘3’ and spouse should claim ‘0’. Don’t make the mistake of claiming more than the allowed personal exemptions . The taxpayer and spouse should not claim ‘3’ for each. The combined personal exemptions will be ‘6 ‘ and will result in a federal tax due at the end of the year.
Part 2 of this blog post will be covered next.